Washington Parish Medical Society

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Recommendations of the United States Preventive Services Task Force

Tobacco Use

Provide tobacco cessation counseling to patients who use tobacco products. Counsel pregnant women and parents about the potentially harmful effects of smoking on fetal and child health. Prescribe nicotine patches or gum to selected patients as an adjunct to counseling. Give antitobacco messages to young people as part of health promotion counseling.

 

Alcohol Abuse
Screen all adults and adolescents for problem drinking, using a careful history or a standardized screening questionnaire.
Advise pregnant women to limit or abstain from drinking.
  Counsel all persons who use alcohol about the dangers of operating a motor vehicle or engaging in other potentially dangerous activities while drinking.

 

Drug Abuse

Although the evidence is insufficient for a strong recommendation to be made, it is reasonable to ask adolescents and adults about drug use and drug-related problems. All pregnant women should be advised of the potential adverse effects of drug use on fetal development. Refer drug-abusing patients to specialized treatment facilities where available.

 

Preventing Motor Vehicle Injuries

Counsel all patients and the parents of young people to use occupant restraints (lab/shoulder safety belts and child safety seats), to wear helmets when riding motorcycles, and to refrain from driving while under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.

 

Preventing Falls
Counsel elderly patients on specific measures to reduce the risk of falls. Effective measures include exercise, balance training, environmental hazard reduction, and monitoring and adjusting medications. Provide multifactorial individualized interventions to elderly patients at especially high risk for falls.

 

Fires

Advise homeowners to install smoke detection devices and test them periodically. Infants and children should wear flame-resistant nightclothes. Smokers should cease or reduce smoking.

 

Drowning

Families with swimming pools should install four-sided 4-ft isolation fences with self-latching gates.

 

Firearm Injuries
Remove firearms from the home or store them unloaded in a locked compartment.

Contact Person:
Mrs. Linda B. Jenkins, Executive Secretary
2675 Washington Street
Franklinton, LA 70438
e-mail: lindabj@itsfast.net